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Movable type printing sloƿly changed the ƿriting making the more standardized. Þe typeƿriters did not have several letters in ænglish. Immediately some may notice þe diphþong in the name which is the correct spelling.

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth would completely agree that the modern language is a mess. Writing is becoming less phonetic. Small wonder the language is so difficult to learn.

Ȝælic language is found in Ireland and northern Scotland. Þey also use diphþong ƿidely in the language. The Ȝælic language is still spoken but not as widely anymore.

Old and Middle Ænglish had a number of non-Latin letters þat have since dropped out of use. Þ ese either took the names of the equivalent runes, since there were no Latin names to adopt, or (thorn, wyn) were runes themselves. Several runs were able to be written with the Latin letters but not all.

  • æ ash is still widely used vowel
  • ð is edh or the th sound from modern ænglish
  • œ ethel a vowel
  • þ is the th from from modern ænglish
  • ƿ is the w from modern ænglish
  • ȝ yogh which is g or x in modern ænglish

The most common diacritic marks seen in Ænglish publications are the acute (é), grave (è), circumflex (â, î or ô), tilde (ñ), umlaut and diaeresis (ü or ï – the same symbol is used for two different purposes), and cedilla (ç)

Coöperation and learnèd both properly need diacritic marks. For this, è is used widely in poetry, e.g. in Shakespeare’s sonnets. J.R.R. Tolkien uses ë, as in O wingëd crow,

Properly a computer needs to dramatically expand the keyboard letters to include the proper letters needed. Need 6 letters added back to the language.