ON THE REFORM OF THE PARTY AND STATE LEADERSHIP SYSTEM

On the Reform of the Party and State Leadership System was introduced by Deng Xiaoping in reaction to the earlier protests. The leader moved quickly with speech outlining reforms.

He called for a systematic revision of China’s constitution, criticizing bureaucracy, centralization of power, and patriarchy, while proposing term limits for the leading positions in China and advocating “democratic centralism” and “collective leadership.”

Deng’s intention was to boost administrative efficiency, further separate responsibilities of the Party and the government, and eliminate bureaucracy. Although he spoke in terms of the rule of law and democracy, Deng delimited the reforms within the one-party system and opposed the implementation of Western-style constitutionalism.