It seems that the defect in the USB subsystem in Windows 10 is surfacing in Windows 11 as well. When this error is spawned its very advisable to reboot the machine immediately. The X570 box is usually stable suggesting a transient error.
There is no error code to help with guidance to identify the cause of the error. Some suggestion of Error Code 10 have come up with different ideas. In Windows, usually, error codes are more specific to the issues.
The condition suggests some driver error lead to a cascade of errors. DDR5 with ECC capability may reduce some errors due to cosmic rays which can cause a cascade of particles paining down. The steel box typical of most chassis are able to block most cosmic particles but gamma rays are harder to block.